Drug Addiction Treatment
Overcome your substance dependency. Get informed.
Frequently Asked Questions About Drug Addiction
For those who suffer from substance dependencies, therapeutic treatments are the main ally when it comes to tackling addiction. These clinical anti-addiction techniques help to alleviate negative consequences created by the abusive consumption of psychotropic substances for both the dependent individual and their environment.
Drug detoxification should be supervised by trained health professionals such as those working at the CITA centre of addiction research and treatment. Below, you’ll find out how to quit drugs and information about the most effective substance abuse treatment and therapies.
What is drug addiction?
Drug addiction is a chronic disease that affects the brain, the central nervous system, and the behaviour of sufferers. It is a clinical condition characterized by the craving for compulsive drug use. As such, relapses, one of the impediments to achieving a complete substance abuse recovery, occur when a person returns to the consumption of a psychoactive substance after attempting to quit.
Over time, drug addicts lose their ability to resist substances. This happens because drugs directly affect parts of the brain involved in motivation, reward, learning, memory, and behaviour control.
Is treatment possible?
Drug addiction treatments do exist, and they are effective. However, completing a treatment programme is not an easy task. As this is a chronic disease, many elements must come together for a successful recovery.
Beginning the recovery process requires time, emotional and pharmaceutical support, as well as the cooperation of all those involved.
Done correctly, effective drug addiction treatment can achieve great things.
For example, once a patient stops using substances, stays away from them, and manages negative impulses without problems, they will be able to successfully reintegrate into their social and family environment.
What does drug addiction treatment consist of?
Over the years, drug addiction treatments have developed, but they have always been based on these fundamentals:
- Perform tests to detect infectious diseases like HIV/AIDs, Hepatitis B and C, and Tuberculosis. At this stage, patients are also educated about how to avoid infections.
- Identify the most effective treatment programme for the specific patient. There is no single drug addiction treatment method that works for everyone.
- Begin the treatment programme as soon as possible. No matter whether the programme is voluntary or not, all of the patient’s emotional, physical, and mental needs must be met.
- Integrate behavioural therapies and medications into the treatment programme.
- Provide support to help the patient cope with detoxification and manage withdrawal.
- Monitor to ensure that drug use does not continue during treatment.
What type of treatments for drug addictions are there?
Several types of drug addiction treatment have been proven to be effective. Among these, behavioural counselling and medication are the most popular and have the highest success rates.
These methods help to detect biological or emotional triggers that can be counteracted by psychological therapies and addiction medications.
Other drug addiction therapies that have proven valuable include the use of medical devices to help treat withdrawal symptoms and develop new positive patients skills.
Following up with the patient to support them in their social reintegration and efforts to avoid relapses is also a key part of drug addiction treatment. Finally, any indication of mental illness should be evaluated and treated.
Which medicines are used during treatment and how are they applied?
There are two types of medication used during the drug addiction rehabilitation process: those used to manage abstinence (to support treatment after detoxification) and those that help prevent relapses.
In nearly 80% of drug addiction treatments, withdrawal symptoms are managed through drugs and electronic stimulation devices, such as the NSS-2 Bridge, which stimulate the central nervous system. To prevent relapses, different medications are utilized depending on the substance which the patient is dependent upon:
- Nicotine: To prevent tobacco addict relapses, patches, sprays, chewing gums, and pills like Bupropion (sold under the brand name Zyban®) and Varenicline (Chantix®) are used.
- Alcohol: Medications like Naltrexone, Acamprosate, Disulfiram, and Topiramate all serve to combat alcoholism. Each of these has a different function, for example blocking the receptors that activate the neurological reward system when a patient consumes alcohol, reducing withdrawal symptoms, or breaking down the substance once ingested.
- Opioids: Drugs that contain Methadone or Buprenorphine reduce cravings for substances such as Heroin. Other medications that contain Naltrexone are effective for patients who have already completed the detoxification stage of treatment as these block opioid receptors.
- If a patient suffers from other mental or physical illnesses, drug addiction treatments may incorporate other medications to address the underlying condition.
What forms of therapy are used?
Drug addiction treatment is more effective when psychological and emotional therapies are also employed, including:
- Therapies that develop motivational incentives to control the desire to resume consumption.
- Family therapies that strengthen the patient’s bond with their social network. This style of therapy is ideal for adolescent patients.
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) which helps the patient to recognize, avoid, and face situations that trigger relapses.
At CITA Clinics, we have experienced health professionals to supervise effective drug addiction treatments. We use behavioural therapies and reinforce them with medications and an environment which encourages recovery.