At cita we offer specialized treatment for cocaine addiction. The first phase involves detoxification or cessation of drug use, and the second phase involves dishabituation, breaking the habit, where the goal is to prevent relapses. We offer personalized treatment, tailored to the characteristics and needs of each patient.
We establish a multiaxial diagnosis by a thorough assessment of the patient and his/her circumstances with the help of our team of professionals that includes doctors, qualified nurses, social workers and educators. When the diagnostic evaluation is done, the intervention plan is designed. It includes a series of stages:
For many years our experience has allowed us to ascertain that the key to an efficient treatment of cocaine addiction is an appropriate bio-psycho-social intervention. For that reason, the necessary elements of treatment include the help of psychiatrists, a combination of individual and group therapy, and participation in cognitive behavioural workshops, for example, Relapse Prevention, Social Skills or Emotions Management.
Information about cocaine
Cocaine is a stimulating drug that accelerates the central nervous system which consists of the brain and spinal cord protected by three membranes.
What exactly is cocaine?
Cocaine is the product of a chemical process applied to coca leaves. Most of the cocaine consumed worldwide comes from Peru, Bolivia and Columbia.
Even though it is one of the oldest drugs in the world, it has not always been used as such. Coca leaves have been used for centuries as a medicinal plant, and cocaine is the alkaloid found in the leaves.
It is proved that coca leaves do not cause addiction nor are they harmful for health, and they have a medical purpose.
The problem of cocaine starts with the extraction of the alkaloide from the leaf, its processing and illegal marketing. It was introduced in Europe in XVI century but scientific research into its potential did not start until XIX. There appeared new ways of using coke, rather than just chewing the leaves: inhaling, smoking and injecting, and the effects were faster and stronger, increasing the risk of addiction and dependence.
In the 90s it was called the drug of the rich, because it was associated with affluent people of high cultural level, but surprisingly all this has changed. Although its use is still associated with a certain level of success and social prestige, this image is slowly disappearing.
Cocaine addiction predisposes to partying, which is why it is associated with discotheques, weekends, the nightlife…in part because it reduces fatigue.
The main characteristic attributed to cocaine is that it disinhibits and helps have more fun, makes interpersonal relations and communication easier.
The most widespread way of taking this drug is by snorting it: it is inhaled through the nose and is absorbed into the bloodstream through the mucous membranes. Another way is by smoking, either in cigarettes or in a pipe; a cocaine paste is used for this purpose. And last, but not least, is crack cocaine, the most addictive and dangerous and whose effects are quick and intense but short.
Consecuences and effects of cocaine use
Cocaine stimulates the nervous system and acts directly on the brain, causing sweating, mydriasis (dilating of the pupil), increases muscle strength, heart rate, blood pressure, dilates blood vessels, increases breathing rate, body temperature and can also cause convulsions. The most sought-after effects include euphoria, feeling of increased energy and decrease in appetite; these effects appear almost immediately after taking the drug and disappear in minutes or hours, depending on the way of ingestion. When you get addicted, you develop a degree of tolerance that makes you increase the dose in order to intensify or prolong the level of euphoria. Sporadic use on the weekends can cause dependence just like if you were using it every day, as well as organic problems directly associated with cocaine use: psychiatric, neurological, heart and respiratory problems.
Delirium, paranoid thoughts, suicidal thoughts, psychomotor agitation, panic attacks are the most frequent.
Cocaine can cause convulsions, frequent headaches.
- Heart problems
Cocaine can cause arrhythmia and CHD.
- Respiratory problems
Hemoptysis (bleeding through the mouth), chest pain and dyspnoea.
On the other hand, when cocaine is taken intravenously, on top of all the aforementioned problems, there is a risk of contracting an infectious disease like hepatitis or HIV.
The increase in cocaine use in Spain during the past decade is alarming. It is now the second most used illegal drug after cannabis.
Recent surveys in different countries have detected an increase in cocaine use among young people, compared with the same data from mid-90s. Despite the spectacular amounts of cocaine intercepted by the police, its consumption is still growing.
As a result there is a great demand of detoxification and deshabituation treatments for cocaine addiction.
Numerous people have decided to come to CITA in order to treat their cocaine addiction. We adapt the treatment to new patterns behavior with spectacular results.
Treatment at CITA
At CITA Centre for Research and Treatment of Addiction Disorders we show our patients how to discontinue cocaine use in several steps, introducing new goals and guidelines to treat cocaine addiction.
Our patients are carefully monitored from the moment they are admitted through the last day of the last phase of social reintegration.
CITA is an institution with renowned reputation that has made it its goal to adapt its services to new trends in drug use as well the new type of drug users.
In order to achieve optimal results in treatment of cocaine addiction, the center must provide the relevant services (structured psycho-social interventions, short term residential assistance and appropriate medical care) and differentiate between the different degrees of addiction the patients might have in order to apply the right treatment for each case.
At CITA we are trained to create programs that adapt to the cocaine user, guiding the patient and arming him with the necessary skills for life, with techniques of how to avoid drug use, strengthening of the attitude and personal commitment to abstinence, improving social skills and self-esteem.
One of the main achievements of this network of clinics for treatment of cocaine addiction is therapeutic continuity, providing the patient with the security of the knowledge that he can stop using drugs, providing him with a safe place and a person he can establish strong ties with, within a containment framework he will feel safe in. That’s what you can find at CITA.
Consult our specialists
Please call us or fill out the form on the site, and our specialist will contact you.
Each person is unique, and therefore we develop an individual rehabilitation program for each patient.
We guarantee complete anonymity and we never disclose personal details of our patients.
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